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How the Lease Accounting Changes Have Impacted Balance Sheet Liabilities

by | Feb 20, 2020

When the FASB’s changes to lease accounting standards were released in 2016, it was hailed as one of the biggest changes to accounting in decades. After the implementation of the new rules began in earnest in 2019, it became clear that the magnitude of the impact on the balance sheet would be significant. The new lease accounting standard, ASC 842, Leases, has resulted in the recognition of material lease assets and liabilities for most companies.

The history of lease liabilities

The previous lease accounting standard, ASC 840, Leases, classified leases as either capital or operating. Capital lease classification resulted in a liability recorded on a company’s balance sheet, whereas operating leases did not impact the balance sheet and were instead only disclosed within the Commitments & Contingencies section of the financial statements.

Based on feedback from investors, the FASB launched the lease project to achieve the goal of similar treatment of lease presentation on a company’s balance sheet regardless of the lease classification. As a result, under ASC 842, all leases, regardless of operating or finance lease classification, are recorded on a company’s balance sheet.

Under ASC 842, leases that were previously labeled “capital leases” under ASC 840, are now labeled as finance leases. Additionally, though the name has not changed for operating leases, the treatment for operating leases under 842 has changed. Now, the present value of all future lease payments for operating leases (as well as finance leases) is recognized as a lease liability (and corresponding asset) on the balance sheet.

Present Value Calculator

Lease liabilities on the balance sheet skyrocket after the transition

Recently, LeaseQuery evaluated the pre- and post-transition impact on the balance sheets of over 400 companies. The in-depth analysis, compiled into the Lease Liabilities Index Report, found that the implementation of the new lease accounting standard led to average balance sheet lease liabilities increases of 1,475%.

Because ASC 842 requires the recognition of a right-of-use (ROU) asset and a lease liability, the addition of operating leases to the balance sheet is the primary contributing factor to this increase.

Companies need to prepare for an overhaul of their financial snapshot

The Lease Liabilities Index, which focuses on six key industries, found that the average balance sheet liability increased nearly 16 times under the new lease accounting standard. It is apparent that lease accounting has fundamentally changed the financial snapshot of most organizations, with financial institutions and healthcare industries leading the pack.

Lease Liabilities Index Report

The rule change arrives as industries are continuing with other significant headwinds

Retail, in particular, has seen a significant impact from the new lease accounting rules. Many of the most predominant brands rely on leases as a major part of their operating model, but factors such as bankruptcies, changing consumer preferences, and the rise of digitization have already impacted their lease liabilities.

Lease vs buy decisions will weigh heavily

Deciding whether to lease or buy has always been a strategic decision for businesses, but as all leases move to the balance sheet, these decisions will have an even greater impact. The new requirement to add these leases to the balance sheet will heavily impact the decision to lease or buy for several industries going forward.

Lease vs Buy Calculator Excel Template

Private companies should not pump the brakes on their transition

Though the transition deadline for private companies has been extended to January 1, 2022, companies should not let this delay deter them from moving forward with their transition.

The updates within the new lease accounting standard will require changes to your lease accounting beyond lease liabilities. It is imperative that the accounting team works together to champion and communicate the change to ensure synchronicity amongst departments and within the accounting team itself.

The disruption in lease accounting is real. Are you prepared?

Public companies have warned that the implementation journey was more challenging than expected. And the balance sheet disruption caused by the increase in lease liabilities alone is proof. The research compiled in this report should serve as a wake-up call that companies must proceed with their transition to the new lease accounting standard with a sense of urgency.

Lease Liabilities Index Report

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